He was also described as the the "most successful African-American filmmaker of the first half of the 20th century."
Before the legends of today, Spike Lee, Ava DuVernay et.al. emerged, there was a man who took on Hollywood and presented Black Culture the way he saw and lived it. Oscar Micheaux, was an African-American author, film director, and independently produced more than 44 films. He was also the owner of Lincoln Motion Picture Company, the first movie company owned and controlled by black filmmakers.
He began working out of Hollywood and created the first all-black movie 'Homestead.' He had written 'Homestead' as a book in 1918 and wanted to be a complete part of the book's adaptation into a movie. He founded the Micheaux Film & Book Company of Sioux City in Chicago and its first project was the production of The Homesteader as a feature film.
After this breakout movie, he became one of the most prominent names and went on to create more than 40 feature films. His 'race-movies' were spot-on, thought-provoking, and dealt with the race-issues of the time bluntly. He said: "It is only by presenting those portions of the race portrayed in my pictures, in the light and background of their true state, that we can raise our people to greater heights."
A legend of his time, his name still resonates with the Black filmmakers of today who now walk the path that was once paved by his tireless efforts.